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Demographic indicators - Provisional Data 2016
Indicator Note Data Annual change
Gross birth rate 1 8.75 -2.92
Short-term fertility indicator. 2 1.33 -0.21
Average maternity age 3 32.00 0.32
Gross mortality rate 1 8.76 -3.32
Infant mortality rate (younger than one year of age) 4 2.64 -1.04
Life expectancy at birth 3 83.15 0.55
Gross marriage rate 1 3.65 0.66
  • Por mil habitantes
  • Número de hijos por mujer
  • Número de años
  • Por mil nacidos vivos

The Basic Demographic Indicators constitute a collection of indicators that summarize the historical evolution of the behaviour of basic demographic phenomena in Spain (birth rate, fertility, mortality and marriage rate), of the migratory movement, and of the growth and structure of the population resident in the country. They are calculated from the results of the statistics of Births, Deaths and Marriages, of the Statistics on migration and of the Figures of population resident in Spain of reference.

National, Autonomous and provincial demographic indicators are published, calculated according to basic demographic characteristics, such as sex, age and nationality (Spanish/foreign). The series of results started in 1975, although the breakdown by nationality has only been available since 2002 and the indicators on migration movement started in 2008.

Latest data
Provisional Data 2016 Published: 22/06/2017
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