Register is the administrative register that includes all the persons who regularly
reside in the m unicipality. Their data prove they reside in the municipality
and the address of their regular domicile in the same. All persons who live in
Spain must be inscribed in the Register of the municipality where they usually
reside. Official population figures are obtained by adding up the figures from
the Registers of each of the Spanish municipalities. The compilation, maintenance,
revision and custody of the Register is performed by the corresponding Councils.
The updating of the Registers provide official population figures that refer to
January 1st of each year, which are endorsed by the Government as proposed by
the INE, after a favourable report from the Register Council.
is the statistical use of the Register?
Spanish councils send the information
in their municipal registers to the INE, which is the organism in charge of coordinating
the data. The Statistics Institute then presents the proposal of the official
population figures to the Government. The INE's information is used statistically
to perform a statistical operation with the official population figures on the
same reference date. The basic variables used in the Municipal Register are: place
of residence, sex, age, place of birth and nationality.
of the population figures
Between 1900 and 1991 de facto population data
from the censuses were disseminated once every decade. Between 1986 and 1995,
the population data refer to the de jure population; the information is annual
and stems from register renovations (1986 and 1991) and rectifications performed
before the 1996 legislative reform. In 1996 a continuous and computerised
system was implemented to manage the Municipal Registers, based on the coordination
of all information performed by the INE. The data contained in the Register were
updated according to the new system on January 1st 1998 for the first time. From
then on, official population figures are obtained annually.
between the Register and the Census
The Municipal Register is an administrative
register and each city council is responsible for putting it together and maintaining
it. Its purpose is to prove which persons regularly reside in a municipality.
Its content is determined by Law and the data is taken from administrative files
that are updated continuously with the applications for registration received
from the citizens themselves (that cause the corresponding cancellations in the
municipality of origin) and changes of address and personal data. The data are
also updated using information from other administrative sources (births and deaths
inscribed in the Civil Registers).
The addition of these data, coordinated
by the INE to avoid duplicates in the registration process, results in population
figures which, by Royal Decree, are subsequently declared official. The reference
period for the data is January 1st of each year.
The Population Census is carried
out every 10 years using exhaustive questionnaires that are sent to the population.
The figures are of a merely statistical nature, in other words, they are not official
population figures and they are protected by statistical secrecy. By using the
Census data, the social and demographic characteristics of the population can
be understood in depth.