Mortality is one of the demographic components that determine the evolution of the demographic volume and structure of a population and the most complete statistical tool for analysing this is the mortality table. The aforementioned instrument enables the carrying out of temporal analyses and spatial comparisons regarding the incidence of the phenomenon, irrespective of the age structure of the populations studied.
The population ageing process and its effect on the planning of the health and social security systems, along with the increasing interest in measuring its living conditions, have led to a huge increase in interest in these results.
Calculation of mortality tables constitutes a traditional INE task, whose origins can be traced back to the tables compiled in 1945, referring to different periods of the first half of the 20th century. On each occasion, they have been carried out using the methodological developments deemed most pertinent, depending on the base information regarding deaths and referring to available populations.
The most recent results are presented, these corresponding to annual mortality tables, since the year 1991, for the population resident in Spain and in each Autonomous Community and Province of each sex.