Methods and standards / Standards and Classifications
The fundamental objective of statistical standardisation is to contribute to the creation of a coherent statistical system, with concepts, variables and classifications harmonised on a national and international level. Thus, reliable and comparable information in relation to the different sector fields and relevant topics for statistical analysis is guaranteed. Statistical classifications are a fundamental standardisation element.
The Law 12/1989, of 9 May, on the Public Statistical Services (BOE 11-05-1989), in article 26 shows that suggestion of rules on concepts, definitions, statistical units, classifications, nomenclatures and codes for the classification of data and the presentation of results corresponds to the INE .
In the international scope, classifications are the responsibility of different bodies (Eurostat, UNESCO, etc).
In order to aid statistical use of information provided by citizens and companies to the different public administrations, it is a good idea for definitions and encoding of certain variables to always be the same. In order to achieve a gradual standardisation, the variables of statistical interest for which a standard list is available will be added on this page.
Standardised methodological reports constitute the reference metadata that accompany statistical operations data that allow knowing the contents, methodologies and quality aspects associated with each statistical operation in a systematic, homogenous and structured way.
The INE Board of Directors approved the standard structure of the methodological report during their meeting of December 13, 2011. This standard has to be applied to statistical operations that publish data since the year 2012.
These reports or files are based on the ESMS (Euro SDMX Metadata Structure)structure, which is determined by the Recommendation of the Commission, 23 June 2009, about reference metadata for the European Statistical System.