Annual Wage Structure Survey
Wage distribution
Indicators of inequality
Units: specified in variables
Gini index;
2016;34.30;
2015;34.30;
2014;34.70;
2013;34.60;
2012;34.00;
2011;33.30;
2010;33.40;
2009;32.80;
2008;32.20;
Proportion of workers with low earnings (Low pay rate)1);
2016;16.81;
2015;16.72;
2014;12.91;
2013;17.85;
2012;17.24;
2011;18.90;
2010;13.42;
2009;18.00;
2008;17.60;
Proportion of women, out of the total wage earners, with low earnings;
2016;64.25;
2015;65.52;
2014;63.79;
2013;64.40;
2012;64.89;
2011;64.10;
2010;66.00;
2009;64.25;
2008;64.00;
D9/D5 (The 9th decile (2) divided by the median earnings per hour);
2016;2.16;
2015;2.15;
2014;2.07;
2013;2.17;
2012;2.18;
2011;2.15;
2010;2.12;
2009;2.22;
2008;2.20;
D5/D1 (The median (3) divided by the 1st decile of earnings per hour);
2016;1.68;
2015;1.68;
2014;1.57;
2013;1.75;
2012;1.73;
2011;1.78;
2010;1.58;
2009;1.76;
2008;1.70;
D9/D1 (The 9th decile divided by the 1st decile of earnings per hour);
2016;3.64;
2015;3.61;
2014;3.25;
2013;3.80;
2012;3.77;
2011;3.84;
2010;3.34;
2009;3.91;
2008;3.80;
Notes:
1) Proportion of wage earners whose earnings per hour are less than 2/3 of the median earnings.
2) The deciles are the values of earnings ordered from least to greatest, dividing the number of workers into ten equal parts, in such a way that ten percent of the same are included within each part
3) The median is the value of earnings that divides the number of workers into two, those who have a higher wage and those who have a lower wage.
Source: National Statistics Institute