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Harmonized Business Demography. Year 2020

3,704,082 enterprises were active in Spain in 2020. 278,525 enterprises were created in 2020 whereas 311,259 disappeared, meaning a growth net rate of -0.9%.

Stock, births and deaths of enterprises by economic sector - Year 2020
Indicator Note Stock of companies Births rate (%) Deaths rate (%)
Total sectors 3,704,082 7.5 8.4
Industry 206,898 4.6 5.8
Construction 463,176 7.9 8.3
Trade 787,719 6.9 8.5
Rest of services 2,246,289 7.9 8.6
Latest data
Year 2020 Published: 10/11/2022
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The Harmonized Business Demography aims at providing aggregate information regarding the population of enterprises established in the national territory, considering aspects linked to business dynamism, and applying a methodology agreed on within the scope of the European Union. This methodology enables the development of indicators related to the stock, births, deaths and survivals of enterprises, through a harmonized statistical exploitation of the Statistical Business Registers managed in the National Statistical Offices.