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Harmonized Business Demography. Year 2019

3,747,034 enterprises were active in Spain in 2019. 365,893 enterprises were created in 2019 whereas 319,427 disappeared, meaning a growth net rate of 1.2%.

Stock, births and deaths of enterprises by economic sector - Year 2019
Indicator Note Stock of companies Births rate (%) Deaths rate (%)
Total sectors 3,747,034 9.8 8.5
Industry 211,567 5.5 6.5
Construction 470,329 9.2 9.0
Trade 810,607 8.4 9.4
Rest of services 2,254,531 10.8 8.3
Latest data
Year 2019 Published: 19/11/2021
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The Harmonized Business Demography aim at providing aggregate information regarding the population of companies established in the national territory, considering aspects linked to business dynamism, and applying a methodology agreed on within the scope of the European Union. This methodology enables the development of indicators regarding the stock, creation, closure and survival of companies, through harmonised statistical mining of the Company Directories managed in Statistics Offices.