Instituto Nacional de Estadística

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Death statistic according to cause of death. January-May 2019 and 2020

23.0% of deaths in the first five months of 2020 were caused by diseases of the circulatory system. Infectious diseases, which include identified COVID-19 viruses and suspected COVID-19, were the second cause of death (20.9% of the total), surpassing tumors (20.4%).

Causes of death January - May

Defunciones según la causa de muerte más frecuente. Enero-mayo 2020
  Enero a mayo Enero y febrero Marzo, abril y mayo
  Valor Variación Valor Variación Valor Variación
Total enfermedades 231.014 23,2% 78.784 -4,3% 152.230 44,8%
Covid-19 virus identificado 32.652 -- -- -- 32.652 100,0%
Covid-19 sospechoso 13.032 -- -- -- 13.032 100,0%
Enfermedades isquémicas del corazón 13.015 -3,6% 5.479 -9,9% 7.536 1,6%
Enfermedades cerebrovasculares 11.317 -0,3% 4.714 -2,4% 6.603 1,3%
Demencia 9.284 -4,8% 3.927 -9.5% 5.357 -1,0%
  • Variación respecto al mismo período del año anterior

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Did you know...?

The Death statistics according to cause of death constitutes one of the most important sources of information in the field of healthcare. It is conducted following the criteria established by the WHO in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), which covers over 12,000 diseases.

Data on causes of death is collected in three questionnaires: Medical Death Certificate/Statistical Death Bulletin, Statistical Legal Death Bulletin and the Statistical Birth Bulletin .

These statistics offer information on mortality according to the underlying cause of death, distribution by sex, age, residence and the month of death. It also offers indicators which facilitate carrying out geographical comparisons and measuring premature mortality: standardised rates of mortality and potential years of lost life. Since 2012, the education level variable has been included in the statistics on deaths.

For the first time, in the publication of 2016 deaths, tables that interrelate the multiple causes and the underlying cause are presented.