Imagen población
Demographic indicators - Year 2018
Indicator Note Value Anual change
Gross birth rate 1 7.94 -5.62
Short-term fertility indicator. 2 1.26 -3.67
Average maternity age 3 32.20 0.38
Gross mortality rate 1 9.10 0.32
Infant mortality rate (younger than one year of age) 4 2.69 -1.03
Life expectancy at birth 3 83.19 0.12
Gross marriage rate 1 3.54 -3.79
  • Per thousand inhabitants
  • Number of children per woman
  • Number of years
  • Per thousand live births

The Basic Demographic Indicators constitute a collection of indicators that summarize the historical evolution of the behaviour of basic demographic phenomena in Spain (birth rate, fertility, mortality and marriage rate), of the divorces, of the migratory movements, and of the growth and structure of the population resident in the country. They are calculated from the results of the statistics of Births, Deaths and Marriages, of the Statistics on Annulments, Separations and Divorces, of the Statistics on migration and of the Figures of population resident in Spain of reference.

National, Autonomous and provincial demographic indicators are published, calculated according to basic demographic characteristics, such as sex, age and nationality (Spanish/foreign). The series of results started in 1975, although the breakdown by nationality has only been available since 2002, divorce indicators begin in 2005 and the indicators on migration movement started in 2008.

Latest data
Year 2018 Published:11/12/2019 and 08/01/2020
Direct access to ...

Important information about cookies

This website uses its own and third party cookies in order to provide a better service. These cookies are not used to collect personal information. If you continue browsing you are considered to accept their use.