Biometric functions - Year 2022
Indicator Note Total Men Women
Life expectancy at birth 1 83.08 80.36 85.74
Life expectancy at age 65 years old 1 21.11 19.06 22.96
Mortality rate at birth 2 2.56 2.85 2.25
Mortality rate at age 65 years old 2 9.09 12.83 5.65
  • Measured in years
  • Measured as per thousand
Latest data
Year 2022 Published: 22/11/2023
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Mortality Tables are composed of a set of biometric series or functions by age, such as risk of death, survivors and life expectancy, which are calculated with the primary objective of measuring the incidence of mortality in a population regardless of the age structure of this population, thus allowing the analysis of the evolution, in time and space, of the incidence of this demographic phenomenon.

Calculation of mortality tables constitutes a traditional INE task, and its origins can be traced back to the tables compiled in 1945, referring to different periods of the first half of the 20th century. On each occasion, they have been carried out using the methodological developments deemed most pertinent, depending on the base information regarding deaths and referring to available populations.