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Environmental Accounts. Environmental Protection Expenditure Account. Preview year 2021

The National Expenditure on Environmental Protection increased by 0.2% in 2021 and represented 1.61% of GDP. The Corporations sector accounted for 44.4% of total expenditure, Public Administrations for 38.6% and Households for 17.0%.

National Expenditure by Environmental Protection area
Indicator Note Amount Annual change Percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Total 1 19,417.6 0.2 1.61
Waste management 1 12,144.9 -1.4 1.01
Wastewater management 1 3,441.8 -3.4 0.29
Protection of air, climate and soil; radiation, noise and vibration reduction 1 1,498.6 4.2 0.12
Environmental R&D and other activities 1 1,241.4 2.6 0.10
Biodiversity and landscape protection 1 1,090.9 26.2 0.09
  • Importe en millones de euros. Variación anual en porcentaje
    • Data for Year 2021 (Preview)
Latest data
serie 2010-2021 Published: 21/12/2022
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The objective of the Environmental Accounts (EA) is to integrate environmental information into the central system of National Accounts in a coherent way. They include a set of satellite accounts, which are transmitted annually, compiled using the accounting formats applicable to the different sectoral and territorial areas, with a strong use of physical data. They show the interaction between the economy, households and environmental factors.

The Environmental Protection Expenditure Account (EPEA) presents data on economic resources dedicated by resident units to Environmental Protection (EP). The account’s main objective is to calculate the aggregate National Expenditure on Environmental Protection (NEEP).

This account can be used to construct indicators in key areas: expenditure on the prevention and reduction of contamination, contribution of EP activities to the economy and change to the use of technologies that prevent contamination. In addition, by linking EP expenditure to data in physical terms it is possible to carry out specific analyses, with the amount of treated waste, the expansion of protected areas and the number of patents for EP products.