objective of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is to provide a statistical measurement
of the evolution of the set of prices of goods and services that the resident
population in family dwellings in Spain consumes.
This index is elaborated with 220,000 prices from 479 articles,
of 29,000 establishments informed distributed in 177 municipalities
in the whole country. The data collection is carried out via personal
visit to the establishments on the corresponding dates. Moreover,
data is collected by telephone, fax and email. In some articles
tariffed articles information is obtained from the corresponding
The first price indices that were calculated
in Spain go back to 1936 and these served as a base to establish the first Quality
of Life Indices System that was maintained in force until December 1960. Subsequently
two new systems entered into force with base years 1958 and 1968.
the entry into force of the system base 1976 the indicators received the denomination
of Consumer Price Indices. This system introduced significant novelties such as
the classification of consumption into eight major groups and the creation of
indices for each one of the Autonomous Communities. Since then another two CPI
systems have existed with base years 1983 and 1992.
In January 2002 the
CPI Base 2001 system entered into force. Among the main CPI Base 2001 novelties
its publication in twelve groups stands out, motivated by the adaptation of the
COICOP, as well as the update of the weightings of these twelve groups based on
the information provided by the Continuous Household Budget Survey.
CPI base 2001 includes sales prices, the annual revision of weightings and the
linking of the indices is noteworthy.
The first indices in base 2006 were
published in January 2007. The sample of municipalities increases in 25%, the
number of prices collected increases 12% and the number of articles in the shopping
basket increases to 491.
In January 2012 the first indices in base 2011 were published.
The shopping basket of the Base 2011 CPI includes new articles
such as notebooks, tablets, portable hard drives, laser hair removal
and speech therapist. Similarly, others disappear whose consumption
is no longer significant, such as recordable CD or movie rentals.
In January 2017 the first indices in base 2016 were published.
This base incorporates the new European classification of consumption
ECOICOP, which implies a greater breakdown of the information
(the number of subclasses is extended to 219). The shopping basket
of the Base 2016 CPI includes new articles such as online video
and music services, games of chance or single-serve coffee. Similarly,
others disappear such as brandy, camcorder or recordable DVD.
The 12 CPI Base 2016 Groups are subdivided into 43 subgroups,
101 classes and 219 subclasses; 57 headings and 29 Special Groups.
The 12 groups that make up the CPI and its weightings for 2018
||Food and non-alcoholic beverages
||Alcoholic beverages and tobacco
||Clothing and footwear
||Furniture and household equipment
||Recreation and culture
||Hotels, cafes and restaurants