The Tourism Satellite Account of Spain Base 2008 (TSAS) is a synthesis statistical operation that presents the different economic parameters of tourism in Spain for a given reference date. It includes three types of elements:
- Supply accounts and tables, in which the production structure and costs of tourism companies are characterised.
- Demand tables in which the different types of tourists (domestic vs foreign tourism) and the types of goods and services required, among other things, are characterised from an economic perspective.
- Tables that interrelate supply and demand, which facilitate obtaining integrated measurements of the contribution of tourism to the economy, via macro variables such as GDP, production or employment
.To obtain a systematic, comparable and complete representation of the tourist activity, which is adjusted as far as possible to the concepts, definitions and classifications that appear in the TSA handbook compiled by the World Tourism Organization.
It studies all the variables related to the generation and distribution of tourism added value, employment, gross formation of fixed capital and tourism expenditure. It does so by using the different classification variables included in the TSA handbook plus those whose presentation is considered necessary for the description of tourism in Spain.
National Activities Classification of Economic NACE 2009
Classification of Products by Activity (CPA 2008)
Classification of assets according to the European System of Accounts:
Classification of the categories of tourism expenditure according to International Recommendations for Tourism Statistics 2008:
The expenditure considered is the one incurred by resident tourists within and outside of Spain, as well as non-resident tourists in Spain.
From the business perspective, the industries related to tourism are considered.
Two basic statistical units are considered:
- the resident and non-resident tourist who travels to the national territory.
- the company whose main activity is delimited within tourism industries( restarurants, accommodation, passenger transport, cultural and recreational activities....).
The Tourism Satellite Account combines data taken from several different statistical sources. The concept of statistical population cannot be strictly applied to the context of this account.
The geographical scope is the entire national territory.
Time coverage is the natural year
The main economic variables are presented in millions of euros. As regards employment data are provided in thousands of jobs.
Annual series 2010-2017
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2017
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
Data is not distributed to other institutions.
The Tourism Satellite Account is a statistical operation included in the National Statistical Plan. It is therefore subject to the Law on the Public Statistical Function, of 9 May 1989, and its data is protected by Statistical Secrecy in all the stages of its compilation.
Data is disseminated annually.
Users of the Tourism Satellite Account may access the data of base 2010 via the INE website. Specifically, the following links appear:
· Press release: it includes a summary of the different economic parameters of tourism in Spain.
· General tables : they include the contribution of tourism to the GDP of the Spanish economy and the balances of tourism flows corresponding to the accounting series.
· Detailed Results : they include the tables that present tourism demand, tourism supply and the contrast between supply and demand, as well as the information about the main indicators of companies related to the tourism industry.
The INE website, also offers information regarding other TSAS bases (base 2008, 2000 and 1995).
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
Information regarding the TSAS base 2010 may be obtained in the following link:
Given its characteristics, the TSAS does not provide a microdata file.
Every certain time, Eurostat publishes a collection of European Country TSAs.
The last one was published in 2016 with the name "Tourism Satellite Accounts in Europe, 2016 edition", available in:
For the compilation of the TSAS, the following methodological document is available:
Tourism Satellite Account: Recommendations on the conceptual framework, 2008
Compiled by United Nations, WTO, OECD and Eurostat. Available in the following link:
Fields 10.6 to 17 of this text make up the user-friendly quality report for this operation.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
To ensure quality information on the CSTE standards and internationally accepted recommendations are followed, the results are compared and contrasted with other existing information in the INE itself and other agencies (Turespaña, Bank of Spain mainly) and ensures consistency with the Input-Output framework of the National Accounts.
The overall quality of the CSTE is guaranteed consistency with the Input-Output framework of the National Accounts of Spain. The great diversity of sources of information on basic tourism statistics greatly guarantees the timely, accurate estimates.
However exiten aspects as collective consumption or gross fixed capital formation requiring latest information sources.
The main users are:
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
"On the INE website, in the category of Quality -> Quality Management -> Evaluation systems and quality monitoring -> User surveys, are available surveys conducted to date"
The TSAS meets the information requirements of the National Statistics Plan and provides 100% of the requested results.
Synthesis statistics are obtained from several statistical sources, which at the same time are usually affected by several errors. Direct measure of accuracy is not possible. The main strength is the existence of an expert team with great knowledge of these sources, their problems and their interrelation as well as the fact that adjusting to regulations and the methodology work thoroughly so as to obtain a reliable item of data.
This is a synthesis statistical operation and not a survey, therefore the sampling error concept is not applicable.
However, it is affected indirectly by these errors since among its sources of information there are surveys. Nevertheless, the producers of these sources have worked to reduce these errors as much as possible.
Non-sampling errors of the TSAS come from its nature of being a synthesis statistical operation. Coherence with the Input-Output framework and balance between supply and demand limit this type of errors.
The main tool to analyse accuracy is the analysis of the revision. Revisions show the degree of proximity between subsequent estimators of the same value, and it is reasonable to suppose that the estimators converge to the true value when they are based on better and more reliable data.
The period of time elapsed between the researched phenomenon and data availability is one year.
The publication is disseminated on the date indicated in the publication calendar.
The TSAS methodology are international recommendations, that are not applied systematically by all EU member states, which complicates the comparability of data.
Because it is a national statistical operation, there is no data by Autonomous Communities to be compared.
The basic methodology for the compilation of TSAS has varied with the 4 base changes carried out on National Accounts: base change 1995, base change 2000, the base change that took place in November 2011, with reference year 2008, and the last one was conducted in September 2014 with reference year 2010.
In the TSA Base 2010 the variables analyzed are comparable over the period 2010-2017 (8 years).
The Tourism Satellite Account in Spain is integrated in the National Accounts framework, therefore it is coherent with the accounts and tables published by the National Accounts.
Estimates have full internal coherence, since they are based on the same set of data and are calculated using the same methods of estimation at all levels.
The estimate of the budgetary credit needed to finance the planned statistics in the Annual Programme 2017 is 67.95 thousands of euros.
There is no direct workload on the informants, since the Tourism Satellite Account is made using the information provided by other statistical sources.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
In the year T from the T-4, T-3, T-2 and T-1 series are disseminated. The data of T-2 and T-1 are provisional and T-4 and T-3 are considered definitive.
If applicable, revisions carried out in annual National Accounts are also incorporated in TSA.
absolute average revision (MAR): +990.9 (Mill €) Tourism Contribution to GDP
average absolute revision relativ (RMAR): +0.82% Tourism Contribution to GDP
Time reference: 2015 last year to move from provisional to definitive
The data obtained for the TSAS are not based on a direct survey, the following different sources are used:
- Familitur (IET), to obtain an estimate of the number of trips and overnight stays in Spain and abroad.
- Resident Travel Survey (INE from february 2015), to obtain an estimate of the number of trips and overnight stays in Spain and abroad.
- Egatur (IET, INE from october 2015) to obtain, an estimate of the expenditure on different tourism services.
- Frontur (IET, INE from october 2015) to obtain an estimate of the total amount of tourists by accomodation type.
- Tourist occupancy surveys (INE)
- Annual Services Survey (INE)
- Services Sector Activity Indices (INE)
- Passenger Transport Statistics (Ministry of Public Works, INE)
- Spanish National Accounts (Serie 2010-2017).
- Household Budget Survey (INE)
Data collection techniques may vary depending on the type of source, the availability date of the data, etc.
Specifically the Familitur, Egatur, Frontur statistics are available annually for year t-1 whereas the Supply and Use table of the National Accounts are available for t-3.
Data quality is monitored by checking its temporary evolution and its adjustment to the terms of the National Accounts and TSAS. Similarly, coherence with the Input-Output framework of the National Accounts and the balance between supply and demand are two conditions that guarantee data quality.
After the source data is obtained, the tables that make up TSAS are compiled, ensuring coherence between supply and demand.
Not carried out
While the compilation of TSAS is compulsory as it is part of the statistics included in the National Statistical Plan, the methodology to be followed is not compulsory, there being some recommendations included in the aforementioned document "Tourism Satellite Accounts: Recommendations on the conceptual framework", compiled by United Nations, WTO, OECD and Eurostat. Available on the following link: