The Statistics on Lawsuits in Urban Leases provides annual data on legal disputes regarding urban leases. It provides data of decrees and judgements solving said procedures.
The information source of the statistics is bulletins filled in by the courts themselves regarding legal procedures solved during the year.
The main characteristics that are investigated are the number of decrees and the number of judgements on legal disputes regarding leases. As classification variables, we analyse the reason for the claim, the judgement declaration and the use of the building subject for lease (whether it is an usual dwelling or it has another use).
The statistics cover all courts solving legal disputes regarding urban leases in the Spanish territory.
Decrees and judgements over of Urban Leases
The statistical population is constituted by all judgements over proceedings regarding urban leases whose case was determined by a sentence or decree, and which have been stated by a court during the reference year.
The statistics cover the whole of the national territory.
National, autonomous and provincial information is provided.
These statistics are carried out every year.
Data are available since 1998.
There is not a proper base period, as it is a long-term survey. The last methodological change was carried out in 2012, which is the reference year for comparisons.
Number of resolutions and decrees.
The reference period is the calendar year.
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2018
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
This statistical operation is carried out by the National Statistics Institute as established in the agreement signed by the INE and the General Council of the Judiciary Branch on 14th February 1995, and later addendums.
The results of the Statistics on Lawsuits in Urban Leases are released every year.
All the information related to the Statistics on Lawsuits in Urban Leases is published in the INE website:
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
The results are available at the INE website.
The publication is divided into 3 groups of tables: National results, Results by Autonomous City and Community and Results by province.
No microdata sets are available to users.
There is the possibility of requesting customised information (protecting always statistical secrecy) to the INE user assistance service. For further information check the following link:
The methodology is available on the INE website:
Likewise, this standardised methodological report constitutes a detailed source of information on several of the methodological aspects of the statistics.
Metadata completeness - rate AC3= 100%
Sections 10.6 to 17 of this standardized methodological report contain the different quality aspects associated with these statistics.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
As regards collected information, there are internal automatic controls of the computer application designed for collecting information, which contribute to guaranteeing the quality of its content. Furthermore, there are year-on-year controls and comparisons of the collected information with the purpose of assessing its coverage and quality and, if necessary, improving the available information. We also carry out comparative studies with external information sources, with the aim of detecting potential coverage lacks or data failures.
In order to guarantee the reliability of the statistics, the possible coverage and content errors that could affect the quality of the information are detected and analysed during the annual processing of the statistics.
The main strength: the legal grounds for these statistics constitutes the main element or tool for the design of their quality framework. Therefore, it is compulsory for courts to deliver to the INE the information they are requested.
The main improvement: try to achieve 100% answers.
The main users of these statistics are :
- Ministries and other public bodies. (Ministry of Justice and General Council of the Judiciary Branch)
- Researchers and Universities (Faculties and Departments of Law and Social Sciences).
- Territorial administrations (Autonomous Communities, municipal councils...)
- Companies and non-profit institutions. (in particular those related to municipal councils).
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
When preparing the statistics exploitation plan, we have taken into account the specific needs of users, and therefore we have included in the research those variables considered to be relevant for this type of legal proceedings. The new proposals suggested by users will be considered regarding future methodological changes.
Even if no european regulations, the Statistics on Lawsuits in Urban Leases supply requested information in the National Statistical Plan.
Therefore, data completeness - rate R1= 100%
These statistics are exhaustive, therefore there are no sampling errors. With respect to non-sampling errors, the necessary studies and controls are carried out in order to assess them and restrict their magnitude.
This concept is not applicable for it is an exhaustive research.
Sampling error - indicators A1= Not applicable.
During information processing, non-sampling errors (non response, errors of completion, etc.) are detected and restricted where possible. In any case, the fact that it is compulsory for Courts to notify the INE the information regarding civil and criminal matters implies an additional guarantee of the authenticity and integrity of the data provided. The electronic questionnaire web allows a significant reduction of errors in recording and enables the consistency of the information (consistency of totals and disaggregated). Non response is corrected with information from statistics of the General Council of the Judiciary Branch.
Over-coverage - rate A2= 0.63%
Common units - proportion A3= not applicable
Unit non-response - rate A4= 43.18%
Item non-response - rate A5= 0%
Imputation - rate A7= 0%.
The results of the statistics are published before 6 months after the reference period of the information has finalised.
Time lag - first results TP1= Not applicable
Time lag - final results TP2= 6m
The dissemination of the results is carried out in accordance with the structural statistics availability calendar that the INE compiles and publishes each year.
Punctuality - delivery and publication TP3= The calendar is fulfilled
The availability of a methodology, a source of information and a common processing in the entire geographical scope, guarantees comparability of results between the different provinces and Autonomous Communities.
Comparability with the remaining countries of the European Union is not guaranteed as these statistics are not subject for a community regulation.
A temporal comparability of the information can be made for the 1998-2011 period. Results from 2012 on are not directly comparable with those of previous years as a consequence of the legislative changes implemented on urban leases (finalisation of proceedings by means of a decree) and the methodological improvements included in the estimation processes.
Therefore, the number of comparable elements in the temporary series since the reference date is 7.
Length of comparable time series CC2= 7
There are other information sources (Statistics of the General Council of the Judiciary Branch) regarding this subject, although the variables and concepts do not coincide completely.
The internal coherence of the statistics is a consequence of the application of a set of methodological criteria and a detailed analysis of the possible inconsistencies existing among its different variables.
The estimation of the budgetary credit necessary to finance these statistics, as set out in the 2019 Annual Programme, comes to a total of 33.50 thousand euros
The burden on respondents is non-existent, since these statistics are obtained from the information provided by administrative sources.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
The data provided are final.
Not applicable data review in practice, since there is no progress nor interim results.
Average revision rate A6-MAR= Not applicable
Average revision rate A6-RMAR= Not applicable
The source data for these statistics are obtained from the collection via online questionnaire of the information provided by the Courts themselves.
Data is obtained annually.
Data collection is carried out via an online computer application that enables information collection and centralises processes of management with collection units and dowload record files.
The online electronic questionnaire includes automatic filtering controls in order to avoid potential inconsistencies.
Once the record file is downloaded, a control process is carried out to ascertain the coverage of the information and its contents are analysed, with the objective of detecting possible inconsistencies. Non-response is estimated and correct at provincial level.
Once validity of the received file is verified, its coverage is analysed, and the potential inconsistencias and other content errors are investigated, we obtain the first result tables. Before its dissemination, we analyse the aggregate information in order to detect potential errors or inconsistencies that had not been corrected in previous stages.
No adjustment is made.