Conviction Statistics: Minors, offers annual data on the socio-demographic characteristics of convicted minors (14 to 17 years old) by judgement final. Additional information on criminal offences and measures adopted is also provided. Furthermore, more detailed information about sexual offences is provided.
It consists in statistics whose source of information is the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals, ownership of the Ministry of Justice and the information refers to the conviction notes by final judgement, recorded in both registers throughout the reference year.
Main researched socio-demographic characteristics regarding the convicted minor: sex, age and nationality of the minor.
The statistics cover the entirety of the conviction notes by final judgement recorded in both registers during the reference year.
Minors convicted by final judgment.
The population object of study of the statistics is the group of persons from 14 to 17 years of age, convicted by final judgement and registered in the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals during the reference period.
From a geographical point of view, the statistics cover the entire national territory.
National, autonomous and provincial information is provided, referring to location of courts that pass judegement.
There are results available on the INE website from the year 1998 and in print from the middle of the last century.
The year 2007 is considered the base year of the statistics, given this is the year in which there was a methodological change and therefore a break in the series.
Up to the year 2007 the information was based on the use of questionnaires that were completed by the Court for Minors for each judgement (whether or not they were final). As of the year 2007, the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors of the Ministry of Justice, started to be used for statistical purposes. This produced a break in the series, due to the fact that it went from researching the minors convicted in judgements emitted by the legal bodies, which were mainly not final, to studying the minors convicted by final judgement and therefore recorded in the Register. Since 2017, the Central Register of Sexual Criminals started to be used for statistical purposes too, and more detailed information about sexual offences is provided.
Number of convicted minors, punishable offences, and measures adopted.
These statistics have an annual frequency. The data refer to the conviction notes by final judgement registered in the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals, during the reference year.
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2017
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
Conviction Statistics: Minors, are compiled based on the Partnership Agreement signed between the INE and the Ministry of Justice on 3 July 2007, which was modified on 21 November 2017, by which the Ministry of Justice provides the INE with the Court Records they own for the statistical use of the information therein.
Once the data is used for statistical purposes, information is not exchanged with other bodies.
By virtue of the partnership agreement signed between the INE and the Ministry of Justice in July 2007, which was modified on 21 November 2017, the Ministry of Justice sends the microdata file to the INE without including personal data of the persons in both registers.
Results of Conviction Statistics: Minors are disseminated with annual periodicity.
All relevant documents related with Conviction Statistics: Minors (press release, detailed results and methodology) are published on the INE website:
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
Results are available on the INE website
The publication is divided into 3 blocks: national results, results by Autonomous Cities and Communities and results by province. Each block offers results on convicted minors, criminal offences and measures adopted. Moreover, the detailed information about sexual offences is provided in an additional module with the same structure of blocks.
No microdata files are available to users.
There is the possibility of requesting customised information from the INE Customer Service Area. For further information check the following link: http://www.ine.es/ss/Satellite?L=1&c=Page&cid=1254735550786&p=1254735550786&pagename=ProductosYServicios%2FPYSLayout&rendermode=previewnoinsitem
The methodology is available on the INE website on the page corresponding to these statistics. This standardized methodological report constitutes a detailed source of information on several of the methodological aspects thereof. It may be viewed at:
Likewise, this standardised methodological report constitutes a detailed source of information on several of the methodological aspects of the statistics.
The rate of completeness of metadata AC3= 100%
Sections 10.6 to 17 of this standardized methodological report contain the different quality aspects associated with these statistics.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
During the annual processing of the statistics and to the object of guaranteeing its reliability, there is detection and analysis of the possible systematic or random errors that could affect the quality of the information (invalid values, inconsistencies between variables, "no data recorded" values) in the main variables (date of birth, date in which the criminal offence was committed, nationality etc.)
The legal basis on which the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals are constituted as well as the obligation to inform the Register of the conviction notes by final judgement, contribute to guaranteeing exhaustiveness, coverage and quality of its content. The methodological change carried out in 2007 consisted in the use of the Register for statistical purposes, which has allowed a great improvement in the quality and exhaustiveness of these statistics.
As of the year 2007, the level of coverage has improved greatly (more detail is given in sections 14.1 and 14.3) and results on criminal offences and measures adopted have been included.
Up to reference year 2011, provisional results and subsequently final results were published. The improvement of quality has allowed to dispense with the provisional results, directly disseminate the final data and significantly improve the indicator regarding the timeliness of the statistics. Collaboration of the Ministry of Justice has been very important for the achievement of this objective.
The main users of these statistics are :
- Ministries and other public bodies. (Ministry of Justice, General Council of the Judiciary...)
- Researchers and universities (departments of demographics, law, sociology, statistics..).
- Territorial administrations (Autonomous Communities, municipal councils...)
- Companies and non-profit institutions (especially those which develop their work in the social scope).
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
The specific needs of users of Conviction Statistics: Minors have been taken into account when the use plan for the statistics was compiled. Nevertheless, the requirements for information are subject to the data available in the Register.
Even if no european regulations, the Conviction Statistics: Minors Statistics supply requested information in the National Statistical Plan.
Therefore, the rate of available statistics R1= 100%
Up to 31 December 2006, information was collected every quarter by means of a print bulletin which was completed by the Court for Minors for each judgement. This type of collection involved a high level of partial and total non-response, which negatively affected information accuracy.
As of 2007, the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors is used for statistical purposes, therefore, the statistics are exhaustive and and there are no sampling errors. With respect to non-sampling errors, the necessary studies and controls are carried out in order to assess them and restrict their magnitude.
This concept is not applicable for it is an exhaustive research.
Relative standard error of an estimator A1= Not applicable.
During information processing, non-sampling errors (non response, errors of completion, etc.) are detected and restricted where possible. Nevertheless, the obligation of the judicial bodies to provide both registers with the information regarding conviction notes by final judgement, as well as the measures adopted for the control, organisation and management both registers themselves, provide an additional guarantee that reinforces the authenticity and integrity of the data contained thereof. In all cases, and to reduce non-response to the minimum possible, the file is requested from the Ministry of Justice once a certain time has elapsed since the reference period. Therefore, the absence of information due to lack of communication with the Register in the established period is practically non-existent.
Rate of overcoverage A2= Not applicable
Common units proportion A3= Not applicable
Unit non response rate A4= Not applicable
Item non response rate A5= 0%
Rate of mistakes made by type A7= 0.10% (nationality of the convicted)
This year, the results of the statistics have been published 9 months after the reference period of the information had finalised.
Time lag between end of reference period and date of first publication TP1= Not applicable
Time lag between end of reference period and date of final publication TP2= 9m
The dissemination of the results is carried out in accordance with the structural statistics availability calendar that the INE compiles and publishes each year.
Punctuality of publication TP3= The calendar is fulfilled
The availability of a methodology, a registration source of information and a common processing in the entire geographical scope, guarantees comparability of results between the different Autonomous Communities.
As there is no common statistical regulation, comparability with the rest of European Union countries depends on their respective legal frameworks as well as the methodology of the research performed in each country.
Up to 31 December 2006, information collection was carried out quarterly by means of a print bulletin completed by the Court for Minors for each judgement, which were mainly not by final judgement.
As of reference year 2007, based on the Partnership Agreement signed by the INE and the Ministry of Justice on July 2007, which was modified on 21 November 2017, the primary source of data was changed by the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors. This new source of information is the base for the use of the statistics and it contains the the conviction notes corresponding to the final judgements registered therein.
This change involved a break in the series, therefore the results of the Statistics are comparable as of reference year 2007. Hence, the number of comparable elements of the time series of Conviction Statistics: Minors from its last break, same as 11.
Length of comparable time series CC2= 11
Conviction Statistics: Minors obtain the data from the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals that contain information of final judgements. Although with a different approach, there are other sources of information, e.g., State Secretariat for Security. In general terms, the results from this source are considered to be coherent with those obtained by the INE. They do, however, differ as a consequence of their different nature and the methodology applied in each case. State Secretariat for State Security offers information on the report phase, whereas Conviction Statistics: Minors of the INE, researches the concluded trial phase.
Internal coherence in Conviction Statistics: Minors is a consequence of the application of a set of methodological criteria and a detailed analysis of the possible inconsistencies existing among its different variables.
The estimation of the budgetary credit necessary to finance these statistics, as set out in the 2018 Annual Programme, comes to a total of 13.94 thousand euros.
The burden on respondents is non-existent, since these statistics are obtained from the information provided by an administrative register.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
As of reference year 2012, it is not expected to publish provisional results nor revise the published data. The data that is disseminated on these statistics is final.
Taking into account the dissemination policy of these statistics, the revision of their data is not applicable, since there is no preview nor provisional data.
Average size of revisions A6-MAR= Not applicable
Average size of revisions A6-RMAR= Not applicable
The source data of Conviction Statistics: Minors is administrative. It is obtained from of the Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals, ownership of the Ministry of Justice.
Final judgements for committing a felony or misdemeanour for which measures are imposed by the Court for Minors, are recorded in the aforementioned registers. The registered information comes from the conviction notes corresponding to final judgements.
The statistical concepts coincide with the legal concepts.
Data is obtained annually. The file is sent by the Ministry of Justice to the INE before the end of the first semester of the calendar year.
The information is obtained from the Central Register of Criminal Responsibility of Minors and the Central Register of Sexual Criminals, ownership of the Ministry of Justice, which contains information on the conviction notes corresponding to final judgements.
The Ministry of Justice annually obtains from both registers the information requested by the INE for the compilation of the Statistics in accordance with the provided register design. This information corresponds to that included in the conviction notes of registered final judgements. The file provided to the INE contains individual dissociated information and does not contain personal identification data.
The Ministry of Justice sends the INE the file extracted from both registers with the following information:
Identification of the convicted minor; country of birth; province of birth; country of nationality; sex; date of birth; code of the committed criminal offence; number of committed criminal offences; code of the measure adopted; province of the judging body; degree of the committed criminal offence; degree of involvement in the criminal offence; date of judgement; date in which the criminal offence was committed.
Once the information is received, a control process is carried out to ascertain the coverage of the information and its contents are analysed, with the objective of detecting possible inconsistencies. In addition, a control of the valid values of the different variables object of study is carried out.
Once the validity of the received file is checked, there is a second phase in which certain variables are re-corded and transformed and secondary auxiliary variables are created, which allow the calculation of criminal offences and measures adopted and detecting duplicates.
In a subsequent phase, the inconsistencies among the variables are detected and corrected automatically. Once filtering has concluded, derived variables and results tables are obtained.
The last phase before dissemination of the results consists in analysing the aggregated information and correcting possible errors or inconsistencies not detected in the previous phases.
The processed information comes from some administrative registers, and no adjustments are necessary.