Book production statistics covers the non-periodical publications published in Spain and available to the public except:
-Publications published for advertising purposes, catalogues, leaflets...
-Short-term publications: schedules, fees, event programmes, statutes...
-Musical works (scores) and cartographic production in general, expect atlases.
-Publications less than five pages.
The statistical data related to editorial production is classified into 25 topics, based on the revised Recommendation about the international normalisation of statistics related to production and distribution of books, diaries and other periodical publications, approved by UNESCO's General Conference in November 1985.
See UNESCO's classification in:
It collects the first editions and re-editions of books and pamphlets edited in Spain regardless of where they were printed (Spain or abroad).
The statistical units are the titles (books and brochures) published in Spain and deposited in the Spanish National Library during the reference year.
Titles edited in Spain.
It covers the complete Spanish territory (including the Autonomous Cities of Ceuta and Melilla).
The data provide breakdown at province level (NUTS-3).
The statistic is carried out annually.
The temporary series published in the INE website starts in 1998. In 2012 a change was made in the series, due to the coming into force of Legal Deposit Law 23/2011, of 29 July. It produces a change in the adjustment to reality of the world of publishing, based on the new role given to the publisher. The publisher as main depositor (and not the printer as before the mentioned law). This involves a modification in the scope of statistics, exclusively addressing publications published in Spain regardless of where they have been printed (in previous editions the research focused on the group of publications printed in Spain despite the fact they may come from foreign publishing companies).
The unit of measure is the number of titles
They reference period is one natural year since the final purpose of statistics is to estimate the publishing output of a given year (t).
However, in order to retrieve publications, not included in previus years, that have been included in the BNE databases late, the valid reference period is established based on the year and month of cataloging and the year of publication. In such a way, that the following publications will be included:
Cataloging date: since 01/01/year t to 30/04/year t. Edition date: year t
since 30/04/year t to 31/12/year t year t-3 to year t
since 01/01/ year t+1 to 15/06/year t+1 year t-3 to year t
Cataloging date. Entering date into the databases of the BNE.
Edition date. Date on which the editor edits a publication. They usually coincide. Based on the statistics referring to 2016, the cataloging period extends from 30/04 of the reference year to 15/06.
Data referred to the period: Anual A: 2017
The compilation and dissemination of the data are governed by the Statistical Law No. 12/1989 "Public Statistical Function" of May 9, 1989, and Law No. 4/1990 of June 29 on “National Budget of State for the year 1990" amended by Law No. 13/1996 "Fiscal, administrative and social measures" of December 30, 1996, makes compulsory all statistics included in the National Statistics Plan. The National Statistical Plan 2009-2012 was approved by the Royal Decree 1663/2008. It contains the statistics that must be developed in the four year period by the State General Administration's services or any other entity dependent on it. All statistics included in the National Statistics Plan are statistics for state purposes and are obligatory. The National Statistics Plan 2017-2020, approved by Royal Decree 410/2016, of 31 October, is the Plan currently implemented. This statistical operation has governmental purposes, and it is included in the National Statistics Plan 2017-2020. (Statistics of the State Administration).
The definitive data is disseminated annually.
The results of the survey are disseminated through the INE website.
Some results tables are incorporated in synthesis operations such as INE Figures and Statistical yearbook.
INEbase is the system the INE uses to store statistical information on the Internet. It contains all the information the INE produces in electronic formats. The primary organisation of the information follows the theme-based classification of the Inventory of Statistical Operations of the State General Administration . The basic unit of INEbase is the statistical operation, defined as the set of activities that lead to obtaining statistical results on a determined sector or subject based on the individually collected data. Also included in the scope of this definition are synthesis preparation.
Access to the monthly tables and series in INEbase of section Society/Culture and leisure:
The microdata is accessible through customised requests.
Through the User Care Services, the users that wish to do so may request the specific use of information, which maintains data confidentiality, by signing the corresponding agreement or document. More information on
The methodological summary and a detailed description may be accessed on:
This document may be considered the user-friendly quality report for this operation.
Quality assurance framework for the INE statistics is based on the ESSCoP, the European Statistics Code of Practice made by EUROSTAT. The ESSCoP is made up of 16 principles, gathered in three areas: Institutional Environment, Processes and Products. Each principle is associated with some indicators which make possible to measure it. In order to evaluate quality, EUROSTAT provides different tools: the indicators mentioned above, Self-assessment based on the DESAP model, peer review, user satisfaction surveys and other proceedings for evaluation.
As the information is collected directly by our personnel, the total coverage of the statistic is guaranteed.
Computer filtering and tabulation allows establishing strict validation regulations during the entire statistical process.
Statistic users are the following:
-Ministries and other public institutions.
-Statistical Offices of Autonomous Communities.
-Researchers and universities.
Each of these users have different needs according to their features and purposes
The INE has carried out general user satisfaction surveys in 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016 and it plans to continue doing so every three years. The purpose of these surveys is to find out what users think about the quality of the information of the INE statistics and the extent to which their needs of information are covered. In addition, additional surveys are carried out in order to acknowledge better other fields such as dissemination of the information, quality of some publications...
On the INE website, in its section Methods and Projects / Quality and Code of Practice / INE quality management / User surveys are available surveys conducted to date.(Click next link)
The collected information allows meeting the object of the statistic: knowing the number and features of the non-periodical publications published in Spain and available to the public.
As mentioned in section 12, collection procedures, coverage control and error filtering allow obtaining a high reliability degree of the statistic.
Since it is thorough there is no possibility of sampling errors.
Coverage is thorough since the data is collected directly by INE personnel in the Legal Deposit Section of the Acquisitions Department of the National Library as well as the fact that the publisher has the legal obligation to complete the information.
The published data related to reference year t is published in an interval lower than 3 months, that is, in March of the year t+1.
Data dissemination is carried out according to the structural statistics availability calendar that INE develops and publishes each year.
The processing of this statistic in all of its stages is the same for the entire territory. Therefore, the results are perfectly comparable for any geographical breakdown.
Due to the modification of the scope of study in the year 2012, which was caused by the coming into force of Law 23/2011, of 29 July, including publications printed abroad, comparability to the series of previous years is partial.
It complements the ISBN (International Standard Book Number) statistic, carried out by the Ministry of Culture.
Moreover, it provides information about titles with no commercial purpose, therefore with no ISBN.
Coherence among variables is tested in all stages of the statistical process. The variables have internal validation regulations among them, which ensure complete coherence.
There is no response burden, as the statistic uses an administrative register, carried out by the INE, based on the data that is compulsorily provided by publishers when they deposit the copies at the Legal Deposit Section of the Acquisitions Department of the National Library.
Furthermore, in the 2018 Annual programme the estimate of the necessary budget appropriation so as to finance this statistic is expected to be 53,66 thousand euros.
The INE of Spain has a policy which regulates the basic aspects of statistical data revision, seeking to ensure process transparency and product quality. This policy is laid out in the document approved by the INE board of directors on 13 March of 2015, which is available on the INE website, in the section "Methods and projects/Quality and Code of Practice/INE’s Quality management/INE’s Revision policy" (link).
This general policy sets the criteria that the different type of revisions should follow: routine revision- it is the case of statistics whose production process includes regular revisions-; more extensive revision- when methodological or basic reference source changes take place-; and exceptional revision- for instance, when an error appears in a published statistic-.
There is no data review policy. Definitive data is published, given the short time interval between data collection and its publication.
Results previews are not published.
The primary data for the realization of this statistic are obtained directly from the titles delivered by the editors, according to their legal obligation, in the Legal Deposit Service of the BNE during the calendar year.
The BNE sends to the INE, through the Subdirectorate General of Statistics and Studies of the MECD, a cataloging file from the SIGB (Integrated Library Management System) adjusted to the INE specifications each year.
Each time an publisher publishes a non-periodical publication, he/she is under the legal obligation to deposit a series of copies at the Legal Deposit and inform about some features of that publication (these features have changed due to Law 23/2011 of 29 July).
Validation is carried out in different stages of the statistical process.
Stage I: During collection and recording of the microdata by INE personnel who present in the Legal Deposit Section,
Stage II: In INE central services, with computer processes that check the overall coherence of the data.
After the filtering process, the data affected by possible recording errors are imputed.
No calibration or weighting adjustments are necessary, as the statistic is based on administrative registers with thorough coverage.